In the last years, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become a well-proven effective treatment option for patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis (AS) requiring valve replacement at high or intermediate surgical risk.
Nowadays, with the expansion of TAVI for low-risk populations, the number of individuals undergoing TAVI will increase even more.
Frequently, however, patients with AS have other concomitant cardiovascular conditions demanding a combined approach. In this scenario, the ability to perform TAVI combined with other transcatheter heart interventions becomes crucial.
In this article, we discuss some of the most frequent combined settings. The decision about which approach (staged or simultaneous) is more suitable for each patient needs to be based on individual characteristics and clinical, anatomical, and procedure-related factors.